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Useful Links


Tom Flemons of Intension Designs has created tensegrity models and sculptures for 30 years. His work has recently focused on modeling human anatomical structures, and his studio now offers these remarkable models for sale to clinicians and healthcare professionals for a hands-on learning experience.

Kenneth Snelson is the true father of 'tensegrity', although it is not his (or my) favorite word to describe the structure. He has more hands-on experience than anyone else in the world. No other person has built free-form tensegrity structures of the magnitude and complexity that he has. His website is the place to start.

Buckminster Fuller Institute is the next place to go. It is the continuum of Buckminster Fuller's book Synergetics and has many good links that are kept up-to-date.

Don Ingber is, by far, the leading researcher in the field of tensegrity cellular mechanics, His article in Scientific American in now hard to find on the net as it is archived by SA.

Danièle-Claude Martin, a Dance Therapist/Researcher/Author/Lecturer, has recently joined me in offering combined lectures/workshops, I, the more pedantic, she, the more practical. Her background includes a PhD in physics and she has spent many hours 'picking my brains', challenging me to be more precise in my thinking and pronouncements, pointing out flaws in the developing theory of biotensegrity, and making valuable contributions to an ever evolving concept. Although French, she lives in Munich, and speaks more languages then I have fingers. She has become an invaluable member of the biotensegrity team. In October 2009, she hosted the first Biotensegrity Interest Group (BIG) gathering in St. Malo, France.

Graham Scarr, DO is another close associate of Ezekiel Biomechanics. He has a fantastic website that can’t be missed. He fills in all the holes I have in my site.

Robert Schleip, PhD. A leading researcher in fascia and a Rolfer. His Web site, www., is a great resource.

Bruce Hamilton makes great models. Stiffer than Tom Flemon’s models, they illustrate a different aspect of tensegrity.

Online Research Sources

Tensegrity Wikispaces has become the source for everything tensegrity. Like all wikis, it has some some misinformation, but it does have a lot of resources.

When I first started this website, there were about 25 articles connecting tensegrity and biology that could be found in a PubMed search, and these were written by only a handful of authors. There are now over 3600 articles linking tensegrity and biology in a
Google Scholar search.

Health Care Professionals Informed About Biotensegrity

There are many health care professionals who have integrated biotensegrity in their thinking and clinical practice. Here is a list of a few with whom I have had direct contact, but there are many more. They cover a variety of professions and use biotensegrity in different ways. Biotensegrity is to be considered a basic science that can be adapted to various uses in various ways. You might want to get in touch with any of those whose interest might coincide with yours.

Henrique Da Mota, MD, Orthopedic and Spine surgeon, Brazil,
Howard Dannanberg, DPM, Foot and walking mechanics, New Hampshire
Roger Gaulton, Hellerwork.
J.C. Guimberteau, MD, Plastic and Hand surgeon, France
Debora Hickman, DPT, Physical Therapy, Redlands, CA
Lonord Horwitz, DPM, Foot and Walking mechanics, Bluefield, VA
Tom Myers, Rolfer, Maine
Jeffrey Patterson, DO, U of Wisc Medical School, Prolotherapy
Stephan.Praet, MD, Physiatrist and Sports Med, NL
George Roth, DC. Matrix Repatterning, Toronto, Canada
Scott Sonnon, Martial Arts
Paolo Tozzi, Osteopath. Italy.

Many of the clinicians associated with the Sutherland Cranial College in the UK,, most particularly,

Peter Cockhill, DO, Bath
Elisabeth Davies BA DO ND MSCC, Wales
Jeremy Gibney, DO, London
Ian Wright, DO, Ireland

Amatsu therapists (a form of martial arts therapy) based in the UK and Ireland:

For the scientist
, be wary of the writings of Carlos Castaneda who has co-opted the term 'tensegrity' and redefined it to a version of some movements by Native American shamans who lived in Mexico in times prior to the Spanish conquest. This is not how the word was conceived by Fuller, who coined the term or Snelson, who first applied the mechanical principles to modern mechanical structures as an art form. I have moved to the term 'biotensegrity' to try and clearly distinguish what is science and what is 'new wave mysticism' in regards to biologic structures.


A few times a year, I do lectures or workshops. Some of these are part of larger conferences, others are stand alone lectures or workshops. I usually have little control as to who may or may not attend the particular event. I'll try and keep a list of these at this site. Feel free to contact me if you are interested in having a presentation to a group.

21 February 2012 Rodger Williams University, Providence, RI,
School of Engineering, School of Architecture

22 February 2012. Boston University,
Bioengineering Department Conference.

19 August 2012 DC BIG (Biotensegrity Interest Group).
Jacob’s Ladder: Kinematics of Biolgical Structures.
Contact: Susan Lowell,

28 September-1 October 2012 Euro BIG 4. Ghent, Belgium.
Contact: Daniele Martin,

5-7 October 2012 FASCIA 2012 Brussels